PMD (p-menthane-3,8-diol): Citronella derived product as Bio-based Insect Repellent
Many health problems caused by insect are mostly happened from Mosquito bites, where its parasites can cause malaria, myasis, helminthiasis, even viruses causing Dengue fever, Chikungunya, and Zika. Insect repellent formulation can help protect individuals against insect bites besides the traditional physical protection methods, such as: wearing long-sleeves shirt, bed nets, etc.
The well known commercialized topical mosquito repellents are mostly synthetic and not derived from natural source , for examples:
N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET)
2-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-methylpropylstyrene 1- piperidine carboxylate (picaridin)
There are also some effective mosquite repellents that are derived from natural sources, such as:
3-phenoxybenzyl (1RS)-cis, trans-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate (permethrin)
3-(N-n-butyl-N-acetyl)-amino-propionic acid ethyl ester (IR3535)