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Derivative products of Nutmeg: Short Review

Nutmeg essential oil typically refer to products derived from the nutmeg seed or mace of the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans), native to Indonesia. However, there are various other products that are produced from the Nutmeg seed. Below are a few examples of nutmeg derivative products:


Nutmeg oil is extracted from the seeds of the nutmeg tree and is used in various industries, including food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. It has a rich, spicy aroma and is valued for its flavoring and medicinal properties. Besides the oil, the essential oils of nutmeg obtained from steam distillation can be used as aromatherapy for its warming and comforting aroma and is believed to have various therapeutic properties, such as relieving muscle pain and improving digestion [1].


Nutmeg Extract

Nutmeg extract is made by extracting the active compounds from nutmeg seeds using solvents or other methods. It can be used as a flavoring agent in food and beverages or as a natural remedy in traditional medicine. The extract can contain [1]:

1. Myristicin: a natural organic compound found in nutmeg and is responsible for much of its distinctive flavor and aroma. It is believed to have psychoactive properties and is sometimes used as a recreational drug, although consuming large amounts can be toxic.

2. Terpenoids: Nutmeg extract may contain various terpenoids, including pinene, camphene, and sabinene, which contribute to its aroma and may have antioxidant and antimicrobial properties.

3. Fatty Acids: Nutmeg seeds contain a significant amount of fatty acids, including myristic acid, which is named after nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). These fatty acids contribute to the nutritional profile of nutmeg extract.


Nutmeg oleoresin is a concentrated extract obtained from nutmeg seeds using a solvent extraction method. It contains a complex mixture of compounds, including both volatile and non-volatile constituents. The composition of nutmeg oleoresin can vary depending on factors such as the extraction method and the quality of the nutmeg seeds used.


Ethyl Myristate

Ethyl myristate is an ester commonly found in various natural sources, including nutmeg. Nutmeg waste, such as leftover nutmeg shells or other byproducts from nutmeg processing, can indeed serve as a potential source for extracting or synthesizing ethyl myristate.


These are just a few examples of nutmeg derivative products, but there are many other ways nutmeg and its derivatives can be used in various industries and applications.

PT Mitra Ayu is currently developing new exciting Nutmeg derivative product: Ethyl Myristate (EU & US Natural).

Stay tune for more interesting articles on Nutmeg oil and its derivatives. If you have any question, please contact us here or email us at



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